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  • Writer's pictureColin Dubel

How Changing Economic Conditions Affect Commercial Mortgage Rates

Commercial mortgage rates are influenced by a variety of economic factors, and changes in these conditions can affect the rates offered by lenders. Here are some of the key economic conditions that can impact commercial mortgage rates:

  1. Interest Rates: The level of interest rates is a critical factor in determining commercial mortgage rates. As interest rates rise, mortgage rates typically rise in tandem. Conversely, as interest rates fall, mortgage rates usually follow suit. The Federal Reserve's monetary policy decisions can also impact interest rates, which in turn affect mortgage rates.

  2. Inflation: Inflation is another significant economic factor that can influence commercial mortgage rates. If inflation rises, lenders may demand higher interest rates to compensate for the erosion of the value of money over time.

  3. Economic Growth: The overall health of the economy is a crucial consideration in determining commercial mortgage rates. If the economy is growing, lenders may be more willing to lend and offer lower rates. Conversely, during economic downturns, lenders may become more risk-averse and require higher rates to compensate for the increased risk of default.

  4. Credit Risk: Commercial mortgage rates are also affected by the perceived credit risk of the borrower. A borrower with a strong credit history and financial position may be able to obtain a lower rate than one with a weaker credit profile.

  5. Supply and Demand: Like any market, the supply and demand for commercial mortgage loans can impact rates. If there is a high demand for loans and a limited supply of available capital, lenders may be able to charge higher rates.

  6. Real Estate Market Conditions: The state of the real estate market can also affect commercial mortgage rates. If there is high demand for commercial real estate, lenders may be more willing to offer lower rates to attract borrowers. Conversely, if there is an oversupply of commercial properties or a decline in demand, lenders may require higher rates to mitigate their risk.

  7. Regulatory Environment: The regulatory environment can also play a role in commercial mortgage rates. Changes in regulations or policies affecting lending institutions can impact the availability and cost of capital, which can affect interest rates.

  8. Global Economic Conditions: Global economic conditions, such as changes in trade policies, geopolitical tensions, and natural disasters, can also affect commercial mortgage rates. These factors can impact the cost of borrowing and the availability of capital, leading to changes in interest rates.

It's important to note that the impact of these factors can vary depending on the specific lender, borrower, and loan terms. Commercial mortgage rates can also be influenced by factors such as the type of property being financed, the size and term of the loan, and the borrower's financial strength.


Overall, borrowers should be aware of the various economic and market factors that can influence commercial mortgage rates and work with a lender who can help them navigate these complexities to secure the most favorable financing terms possible.


If you have any questions about this article or would like to discuss a scenario of your own with our team, please feel free to contact Colin Dubel at colin@harborwestcommercial.com or 949-735-6415.

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