MARKET INTEREST RATES
HOW ARE COMMERCIAL INTEREST RATES DETERMINED?
Fixed interest rates for commercial real estate mortgage loans are determined case-by-case by lenders. They are more difficult to quote compared to residential loans, as commercial loans are priced based on risk since they are investment properties. While there are some rules of thumb, its important to provide full due diligence to lenders in order to receive accurate loan terms.
Commercial rates are usually a factor of three elements: the market index the lender has selected, the lender’s margin/spread over that index, and client selected program features. The market index can be usually one of a few public indexes. The market index serves as a benchmark which the lender does not have control or influence over, that will fluxuate daily with the markets. Some of the most common indexes used include:
The lender margin or spread is the add-on to the selected index that yields your final “all-in rate”. Spreads are determined by the lender ultimately by their risk assessment of the deal. The riskier the deal is for them, the larger the spread will be in order to compensate for that risk. This is where mortgage broker negotiations occur, and where lenders can get competitive. Below are some of the most commonly reviewed risk or qualification factors that can affect your rate (+/-).
Debt Yield Ratio
Quality & Condition
Borrower Net Worth
Income & Liquidity
HOW CAN A CLIENT GET INTEREST RATE DISCOUNTS?
The final determinant of “all-in” interest rate is client selection. Borrowers cannot control the index or the spread, but there are program factors you can control that affect your interest rate. Below are the most common ways to improve your interest rate.
Shorter Fixed Rate Period
Giving Personal Guaranty
Stricter Prepay Penalty
Shorter Amortization Period
Higher Loan Amounts
Lower LTV / More Equity
Bank Relationship / Deposits
Paid Points Upfront
Accepting Added Conditions
Mortgage Broker Selection
SWAP Loan Structure
WHAT ELSE SHOULD I KNOW ABOUT COMMERCIAL RATES?
There are a few common questions we are asked by clients that can be explained by understanding a few key concepts. Please contact HARBORWEST to discuss any of these topics further.
Commercial mortgage rates are not only impacted by changes in index rates such as the benchmark 10-year US treasury rate. While index rate flux does drive much of any changes, lenders are still going to have floor rate minimums where it would not make sense to do business if they had to go below. Lenders also have internal costs of funds to consider and demand for certain property types or locations to “fill that bucket”.
Commercial interest rates seen online are only estimates, really just a marketing tool when it boils down. As you now know, finalized interest rates are based on risk and qualification, which can only be accurately determined after full due diligence. We can do our best to provide averages and high-volume surveys to manage client expectations, but at the end of the day anything online is going to be an estimate.
Commercial mortgage rates are most commonly “hybrid loans”. They are not fixed for 30 years like in residential. Commercial program defaults are fixed rates for 5, 7 & 10 years. Once the fixed period is over, the loan is due or goes to an adjustable rate. The terms of that adjustable period (floor, ceiling, frequency, adjustment spread, etc.) are just as important as your initial fixed rate.
We find most clients when asking about commercial mortgage rates are actually more concerned about their overall payment and their monthly cash flow. So, while actual interest rate is important – your amortization period, interest-only period options, and impound or reserve requirements actually have a larger impact on your overall payments.
Interest rates as of today are on the rise and predicted to stay on that course, as we come out of COVID and fight inflation. We have been spoiled with historically low interest rates for years now. We secure the lowest rates in the market for our clients, but when you feel like rates are high – it is interesting to review the 50-year interest rate history in the US.